International Journal of Cardiology;Volume 268, 1 October 2018
Background: The 30-day all-cause readmission rate after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) vary substantially. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the overall incidence, causes, and risk factors of 30-day all-cause readmission rate after SAVR and TAVR. Methods: Eight medical research databases were searched; Cochrane, Medline, Embase, UpToDate, PROSPERO, National Guideline Clearinghouse, SweMed and Oria. We followed The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) for this study. Results: Thirty-three articles were included in the systematic review, 32 of which were appropriate for the meta-analysis. Overall, 17% (95% CI: 16-18%) of patients in the SAVR group, and 16% (95% CI: 15-18%) in the TAVR groups were readmitted within 30 days. Heart failure, arrhythmia, infection, and respiratory problems were the most frequent causes of all-cause readmission after SAVR and TAVR. Most frequent reported prior risk factors for all-cause readmission following TAVR were diabetes, chronic lung disease/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, atrial fibrillation, kidney problems, and transapical approach/nonfemoral access. For SAVR, no risk factors for 30-day all-cause readmission were reported in the literature to date. Conclusion: In conclusion, the overall proportion of 30-day all-cause readmission after SAVR and TAVR are high. Interventions to prevent avoidable readmissions ought to be developed and implemented.