Effekt av systematisk foreldreveiledning i et seleksjonsperspektiv

Forfatter(e)

Utgivelsesdato

2015

Serie/Rapportnr.

MALKS;2015

Utgiver

Høgskolen i Oslo og Akershus

Dokumenttype

Masterprogram

Master i læring i komplekse systemer

Sammendrag

Systematic parent training programs targeting pivotal parenting skills are on demand in public health services in Norway. Article 1; Systematic parent training - is it efficient and why? examines some of the basic common features of three approved parent training programs, Parent Management Training Oregon (PMTO) (Solholm, Askeland, Christiansen & Duckert, 2005), The Incredible Years (Webster-Stratton, 2000) and Multisystemic Therapy (MST) (Henggeler S.W., Shoenwald, S.K., Borduin, C.M., Rowland, M.D. & Cunningham, P.B., 2009). The article provides a systematic review of the individual conditions, features and significant effects of these parent training programs. Effects are interpreted in terms of selection by consequences as a mechanism of change. The summary of the effects shows that the tree programs have effect on parental stress and children’s behavioral problems on long and short term. There are however certain limitations in the programs to whether they are efficient toward specific groups, such as parent of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The second article; Analysis of the effects of two parent training programs in a selection perspective discusses the development and the results of two related parent skill building programs for parents of children with ASD at a section in a Hospital in the South-East of Norway. Data were selected from inpatient records to explain and evaluate program efficiency. In addition, parents report from Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) (Eyberg & Ross, 1978) and Parent Stress Index Short form (PSI-SF) (Abidin, 1995) were collected pre and post of the program. The results of the study showed that there was a total decrease in both parental stress, intensity in the children’s problem behavior and in the degree the parents found it difficult to handle these behaviors. These results were consistent for all of the groups that took part in these programs. The data however was not conclusive in respect to whether participating in these parent training programs had a long term effect measured as the frequency of needs for specialized services at a later point in time. There is no statistical evidence in this study that the parent training program by themselves had the sufficient and necessary components to eliminate future needs for special health care services

Emneord

Permanent URL

  • http://hdl.handle.net/10642/2926