The relationship between structural factors and interaction quality in Norwegian ECEC for toddlers


Publication date


Series/Report no

International Journal of Child Care and Education Policy;2018 12:9


Springer Open

Document type


The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between two structural factors of quality: organisation form (stable groups versus fexible groups) and staf– child ratio, in relation to interaction quality in toddler groups in Norwegian early childhood education and care (ECEC). Data were collected from 206 kindergarten groups in the period from 2013 to 2015. Interaction quality was measured through the infant/ toddler environment rating scale-revised subscales, Interaction, listening and talking, and program structure. A two-way MANOVA revealed that organisation form with small, stable groups were related to higher interaction quality, while the staf–child ratio and interaction quality varied depending on diferent content dimensions. These fndings have clear implications for policy and the training of ECEC staf. Keywords: Interaction quality, Structural quality, ECEC, Staf–child ratio, ITERS-R




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