- Ferreira - Pelvic floor muscle training increases pelvic floor muscle strength more in post-menopausal.pdf (335k)
Journal of physiotherapy;64(3)
Question Are there differences in the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training on pelvic floor muscle strength and urinary incontinence symptoms in postmenopausal women who are and are not using hormone therapy? Design Randomised, controlled trial with concealed allocation, blinded assessors, and intention-to-treat analysis. Participants Ninety-nine postmenopausal women, 38 of whom were using daily systemic oestrogen/progestogen therapy. Intervention The experimental group (n = 51) received an intensive supervised pelvic floor muscle training protocol, and the control group (n = 48) received no intervention. The randomisation was stratified by hormone therapy use. Outcome measures Change in pelvic floor muscle strength assessed with manometry at 12 weeks. Prevalence and severity of urinary incontinence symptoms were assessed using questionnaires. Results Eighty-eight women provided data that could be included in the analysis. Pelvic floor muscle training increased pelvic floor muscle strength by 8.0 cmH2O (95% CI 3.4 to 12.6) in women not using hormone therapy and by –0.9 cmH20 (95% CI –6.5 to 4.8) in women using hormone therapy (interaction p = 0.018). A sensitivity analysis showed that the greater training effect in women who were not using hormone therapy was still apparent if the analysis was conducted on percentage change in strength rather than absolute change in strength. There was also a significantly greater effect of training in women not using hormone therapy on prevalence of urinary incontinence symptoms (ratio of odds ratios = 7.4; interaction p = 0.028). The difference in effects on severity of urinary incontinence symptoms was not statistically significant (interaction p = 0.37). Conclusion Pelvic floor muscle training increases pelvic floor muscle strength more in women who are not using hormone therapy than in women using hormone therapy.
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