Families of Artinian and one-dimensional algebras


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Series/Report no

Journal of Algebra;311



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The purpose of this paper is to study families of Artinian or one dimensional quotients of a polynomial ring R with a special look to level algebras. Let GradAlg^H(R) be the scheme parametrizing graded quotients of R with Hilbert function H. Let B -> A be any graded surjection of quotients of R with Hilbert function H_B=(1,h_1,...,h_j,...) and H_A respectively. If dim A = 0 (resp. dim A = depth A = 1) and A is a "truncation" of B in the sense that H_A=(1,h_1,...,h_{j-1},s,0,0,...) (resp. H_A=(1,h_1,...,h_{j-1},s,s,s,...)) for some s < 1+h_j, then we show there is a close relationship between GradAlg^{H_A}(R) and GradAlg^{H_B}(R) concerning e.g. smoothness and dimension at the points (A) and (B) respectively, provided B is a complete intersection or provided the Castelnuovo-Mumford regularity of A is at least 3 (sometimes 2) larger than the regularity of B. In the complete intersection case we generalize this relationship to "non-truncated" Artinian algebras A which are compressed or close to being compressed. For more general Artinian algebras we describe the dual of the tangent and obstruction space of deformations in a manageable form which we make rather explicit for level algebras of Cohen-Macaulay type 2. This description and a linkage theorem for families allow us to prove a conjecture of Iarrobino on the existence of at least two irreducible components of GradAlg^H(R), H=(1,3,6,10,14,10,6,2), whose general elements are Artinian level algebras of type 2.



Postprint version of article originally published in Journal of Algebra. Original can be found at URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.jalgebra.2006.11.019

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  • http://hdl.handle.net/10642/375